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Persian Wars

Reasons behind the Conflict between Persia and Greece

There were reasons that brought about the conflict between Greece and Persia. Most significantly, no Greek could endure being ruled by a non-Greek since they considered all non-Greeks as barbarians. The expansion of the Persian Empire towards west led to the incorporation of Greeks and this resulted into conflicts between the Persians and Greeks. The first conflict between Persians and Greeks started in 498 BC, during the era of Ionian Greek cities, such as Miletus city, which rebelled against Darus (the Persian King). After the realization that the residents of the city could not hold this revolt for long, Ionians sought help from Athens and Eritrea. In response, the Athenians and Eritreans sent about twenty ships and assisted Ionians by burning down the Persian provincial capital. It took several years for Darus to obtain enough men to retaliate and he did so by burning Miletus and deported its residents to Indian frontiers. In effort to stop the future invasion, Darus invaded the Greeks. Athenians sought Persian alliance to fortify their defense against Spartan invasion due to their differences in governance (i.e. Athenians were authoritative while Spartans were democratic). However, King Darus mistook this Athenian motive and started to treat Athenians as his subject. For this reason, Darus sent ambassadors to the Greeks to demand earth and water, which is a sign of surrender in Persia. Some cities collaborated with Persians, but Athens refused to retreat. When Persian ambassadors reached mainland Greece Athenians threw Persian ambassadors to the well to get water and earth for themselves, but they all perished in it.

Military Capabilities of Both Sides in the 490 BC Campaign

In 490 BC, Greek forces were about 10,000 men while the Persian forces were about 25,000 men. Surprisingly, the Greek soldiers charged, trapped and conquered Persians. The inexperienced and lightly-armed Persians were not a match for Greek hoplites.

Battle of Marathon

The Battle of Marathon in 490 BC was a significant event in the struggle between the Persians and Greeks. There were two hundred ships with 25,000 soldiers which reached the plains of Marathon. During this time, the Athenians sent a messenger to Sparta for assistance, but Spartans declined with a reason that they were performing a religious ceremony. As the battle was about to begin there were about 10,000 Athenian Soldiers, heavily-armed and ready to fight Persians. The lightly-armed Persian soldiers were not a match for hoplites. The hoplites positioned themselves on the Persian flanks and permitted the Persians to push back and run for their ships. As a result, 6,400 Persian soldiers perished compared to 192 Athenians (retrieved from http://essayguard.com/services/copywriting).

Importance of Victory for Greece in the Battle of Marathon

The Battle of Marathon was the important victory for Greece as it indicated that Persians could be defeated1. If Greeks would have been defeated, Hippias (the tyrant who had been excommunicated from Athens in 510 BC) would have been made the ruler of Athens by Persians. Since the installation of tyrant leaders could not be possible without Persian victory, the Marathon Battle was a defining moment for the democracy development in Greece. The defeat of Persians also showed the Athenians that besides conquering the Achaemenid Empire, they would have done so without the assistance of the Spartans. What is more, the victory also raised the Athenian esteem; the Marathon battle is the most inspiring aspect in marathon race in the modern civilization.

Change in Athenian Strategic Position between 490 and 480 BC

Between 490 and 480 BC, the Greeks did not have courage to fight the superior Persian cavalry. The Greeks chose the strategic position which was mountainous and full of marshes. They knew Persians would be challenged by such terrain. The Greek general, Miltiades, ordered the attack against Persians, fortifying his flanks, and luring Persian soldiers into his center. The inmost wheeling flanks surrounded the Persians, making them to panic while running to their ships. Many Persian soldiers were slaughtered.

The Battles of Thermopylae, Salamis, and Plataea

The Battle of Thermopylae occurred between 480 and 479 BC during the Persian invasions of Greeks2. Although the number of Greek soldiers was considerably small, they were devoted to defeat a huge Persian army. As the Persians under the king Xerxes began to invade Greece, some cities such as Thessalonians began to panic and joined Persian side. However, other cities, despite their differences, joined to fight Persians, a common enemy. Sparta was the leading army due to their reputation for their unparalleled skills of war. Spartans came up with a defense strategy through a narrow pass between the sea and mountains of Greece, known as Thermopylae. In this battle field, about 6000 Greek soldiers waited to fight 100,000 Persian soldiers. After several days of waiting Xerxes sent spies to find out the Greek position who returned with information that the Spartans were ready to fight to the end and were the soldiers of great bravery. However, despite their numbers, Persians were defeated.

The Battle of Salamis was fought in 480 BC between Persia and the Greek city-states, in the straits between Salamis and Piraeus, a very small island near Greece3. In this battle Greek-city states combined their manpower and they defeated Xerxes and prevented Greece from being taken by the Persians. The Victory of Greeks at Salamis was not the end of the conflict.

The final battle between Persians and Greeks was the Battle of Plataea (in the region of Boeotia). Mardious led the Persian soldiers and attempted to form an alliance with Athens to fight Sparta, but his plans were turned down; destroying Athens city completely4. In this battle, both sides had huge armies with Greeks totaling 100,000 men and Persians 1.7 million men. Through a series of war, Persians were successful at the beginning, but when Mardious was killed in the battle, Persian turning point in the battle changed and the soldiers were annihilated.

Reasons for the Greek’s Success in Defending their Homeland

There are several reasons for the Greek’s success in defense of their homeland. Although Persians had some advantage of their number of soldiers and resources, their army was not coherent due to the large size of Persian Empire5. On the other hand, Greek soldiers began their training when they were young the fact that made them physically fit and good fighters. Some Greek cities such as Spartans were known for their great bravery and excellent fighting skills. Another success factor was that Greeks were heavily armed in comparison to Persian soldiers and that is one of the major reasons for Greek’s success. Greek’s weapons were made of steel while Persian weapons were made of bronze. In addition, the terrains in Greece also favored Greek’s success. The terrain was mountainous and marshy and this made it challenging for Persian fighters.

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Organizational_Theory_and_Behavior

MGMT 630 Organization Theory and Behavio

MGMT 630 Organization Theory and Behavio

MGMT 630 Organization Theory and Behavior is an important course that helps the learners to understand the meaning of organization and organization structures. The course is a good tool that can be used to evaluate and understand how powerful and huge firm such as Lehman Brother, can collapse and small firm such as Bank of America can emerge overnight as huge and powerful companies (Daft, 2013). Additionally, the course helps the learners to understand the history and future of the organizations so that appropriate strategies are put in place to make organizations operate more effectively. The course also gives an opportunity for the learners to see and analyze firms more deeply and accurately than one could have done without the knowledge of the course.

The various topics that are covered in the course are very important for any manager who wants to run his/her organization more effectively and efficiently. Here, we should mention that these topics have been selected with the help of an online academic writing company as I hate writing research papers by myslef and gather any information, including topics. Some of the topics include the structural and strategic changes which are needed to make organizations more effective. Secondly, the topic that deals with how the organization adapts to external elements is very critical, since the success of any organization is depended on how it handles the external barriers and challenges (Daft, 2013). Through the course also, the managers would get to know how to deal with the problems of bureaucracy, power, and politics in the organization. All the above topics apply across all the organizations in different industries, hence making the course applicable for all the managers at various levels and industries.

The content and coverage of the course are very appropriate for the learners who want to understand the organization theory and behavior. It is very important for any manager to understand what the meaning of the organizations. Additionally, it is important for the managers understand also how the organizations should be organized so as to be able to meet its objectives (Miner, 2002). The course provides a detailed overview of the above important topics that are vital for all the stakeholders of any organization.

A Discussion on Place Exploration. Applicable reasons versus room or space explorations.

Location investigation describes a steady investigation and discovery of celestial necessary arrangements within the outer location with an possibly advancing and evolving open area concept. The astronomers understand room by using a device often called telescope. Alternatively, the bodily research of room space is simultaneously implemented by human being spaceflights not to mention unmanned probes. The study of real items in location is referred to as to as astronomy. Astronomy predates the quality recorded history of the creation of efficient and large rockets as early as 20th century that reached the actual physical research of room space to be somewhat more genuine (Cozi 140). Factually, the growing controlled investigate, tying of several nations, safeguarding the forthcoming of existence of mankind, and emerging strategic and military many advantages next to other countries continue to be that can be rationale in control of space exploration. The essential predicament that human beings have to be specific about is whether or not area research is favorable or damaging to the existence of human beings. (more…)

A Discussion on Room space Search. Logical causes to stop area explorations.

A Discussion on Living space Exploration. Legitimate reasons in opposition to location explorations. earth is that sourcesSpot research describes a continuous discovery and investigation of celestial necessary arrangements in your external room space using an ever evolving and advancing area expertise. The astronomers evaluation place with the help of a system termed telescope. Then again, the physical exploration of house is equally made by human being spaceflights at the same time unmanned probes. Study regarding physiological physical objects in room or space is known as to as astronomy. Astronomy predates the highly regarded saved reputation of the growth of large and efficient rockets as early as 20th century that considered the specific research of room or space to get more and more reasonable (Cozi 140). Factually, the advancing scientific preliminary research, tying of numerous countries, safeguarding the forthcoming of presence of mankind, and up and coming military and strategic amazing benefits to prevent other nations keep on being that they are rationale to blame for the space investigation. The primary issue that human beings require being crystal clear about is whether room research is advantageous or unhealthy for the existence of humans. (more…)

A Discussion on Living space Exploration. Reasonable points vs open area explorations.

A Discussion on Living space Exploration. Reasonable points vs open area explorations. moon termed Europa has freezing normal water

Room space exploration denotes a continual investigation and discovery of celestial arrangements within a external location by using an always advancing and evolving room space development. The astronomers learning space through a product often called telescope. Nonetheless, the specific exploration of living space is both of them executed by human being spaceflights plus unmanned probes. The study of body materials in place is recognized as to as astronomy. Astronomy predates the efficient recorded past of the creation of efficient and large rockets as soon as 20th century that manufactured the specific research of room space to get many more sensible (Cozi 140). Factually, the advancing controlled preliminary research, tying of different nations around the world, safeguarding the forthcoming of presence of mankind, and growing strategic and military strengths against other nations around the world keep on being getting rationale liable for the area exploration. The usual problem that individuals really should be very clear about is whether or not living space search is worthwhile or unhealthy for the existence of humankind. (more…)

A Discussion on Room or space Research. Real underlying factors versus spot explorations.

A Discussion on Room or space Research. Real underlying factors versus spot explorations. space exploration more

Room exploration represents a ongoing discovery and investigation of celestial arrangements within outer area with an previously advancing and evolving house product. The astronomers analysis room space by using a product often known as telescope. On the other hand, the real research of room space is both of these managed by man spaceflights together with unmanned probes. Study regarding actual physical materials in location is known as to as astronomy. Astronomy predates the quality reported record of the roll-out of efficient and large rockets as early as 20th century that designed the actual physical search of space getting much more practical (Cozi 140). Factually, the growing clinical analysis, tying of numerous nations, safeguarding the forthcoming of existence of mankind, and expanding military and strategic positive aspects to protect against other nations around the world continue being to become rationale the cause of the space research. The fundamental topic that individuals require being straightforward about is whether room space investigation is rewarding or harmful to the presence of mankind. (more…)

A Discussion on House Search. Legal issues versus room or space explorations.

A Discussion on House Search. Legal issues versus room or space explorations. space search

Open area exploration is the term for a ongoing discovery and investigation of celestial agreements included in the exterior room with an constantly advancing and evolving location development. The astronomers study room or space through the help of a product typically called telescope. Even so, the physical investigation of house is both of those implemented by human being spaceflights combined with unmanned probes. Study regarding actual stuff in living space is called to as astronomy. Astronomy predates the quality captured reputation the development of large and efficient rockets as soon as 20th century that built the bodily search of open area to be really much more sensible (Cozi 140). Factually, the growing research basic research, tying of various countries, safeguarding the forthcoming of presence of humankind, and surfacing military and strategic profits to stop other nations stay to get rationale the reason for the space exploration. The primary issue that human beings need to be crystal-clear about is whether or not open area exploration is beneficial or detrimental to the existence of individuals. (more…)

A Discussion on Living space Exploration. Legitimate reasons in opposition to location explorations.

A Discussion on Living space Exploration. Legitimate reasons in opposition to location explorations. earth is that sourcesSpace or room research represents a continual discovery and investigation of celestial preparations within a external room or space with an always advancing and evolving place innovation. The astronomers study place with the assistance of a product termed telescope. On the other hand, the actual investigation of living space is both the carried out by our spaceflights and moreover unmanned probes. The study of natural materials in living space is regarded as to as astronomy. Astronomy predates the sound captured reputation for the roll-out of efficient and large rockets since twentieth century that presented the physiological investigation of place of being a good deal more practical (Cozi 140). Factually, the growing clinical research, tying of countless nations around the world, safeguarding the forthcoming of existence of humankind, and emerging military and strategic incentives with other nations around the world keep that they are rationale accountable for space research. The normal topic that human beings ought to be crystal clear about is whether or not spot exploration is worthwhile or harmful to the existence of humankind. (more…)

A Conversation on Space or room Exploration. Legitimate arguments vs place explorations.

A Conversation on Space or room Exploration. Legitimate arguments vs place explorations. Space  knowledge

Spot investigation refers to a steady discovery and investigation of celestial preparations while in the external space or room with an actually ever advancing and evolving spot technology. The astronomers analysis room thanks to a device better-known as telescope. On the flip side, the physiological search of open area is both of the conducted by individual spaceflights and moreover unmanned probes. The study of physiological products in living space is recognized as to as astronomy. Astronomy predates the responsible reported record of the roll-out of large and efficient rockets since twentieth century that constructed the bodily investigation of room or space that should be a great deal reasonable (Cozi 140). Factually, the progressing clinical studies, tying of various countries, safeguarding the forthcoming of existence of humanity, and surfacing military and strategic merits alongside other nations continue that should be rationale in charge of the space search. The essential concern that humankind require to be fresh about is whether spot exploration is useful or bad for the existence of mankind. (more…)

A Discussion on Area Investigation. Good good reasons versus open area explorations.

A Discussion on Area Investigation. Good good reasons versus open area explorations. space productivity

Area research is the term for a consistent investigation and discovery of celestial arrangements included in the outside area using an truly advancing and evolving living space technological innovations. The astronomers research study open area by using a product recognized as telescope. Conversely, the physiological search of spot is simultaneously done by human spaceflights or even unmanned probes. The research into physiological subjects in area is recognized as to as astronomy. Astronomy predates the good registered good reputation for the roll-out of large and efficient rockets as early as 20th century that generated the specific exploration of room space of being far more genuine (Cozi 140). Factually, the growing research study, tying of countless nations, safeguarding the forthcoming of existence of humanity, and emerging strategic and military incentives to stop other countries be that need to be rationale responsible for the room search. The primary subject that individuals require being sharp about is if space or room investigation is rewarding or harmful to the presence of individuals. (more…)