Tendency Aids / HIV in Malaysia.
The first 3 case of by the year 2003, the reported cumulative number of cases amounted to many 58, 1000. Of these, slightly more than six, 000 individuals, 11 %, had died of ASSISTS (Table 6th. 1). The number presented in Table 6th. 1 shows only all who have been reported. About eighty per cent of reported HIV/AIDS cases arise among those aged 20-39, the younger and potentially even more productive part of the country's population.
Stand 6. 1 (Cumulative Number of reported HIV and AIDS Cases, Malaysia, 1990 вЂ“ 2003)
Table 6. one particular
The detection of HIV disease in the country could possibly be affected by the policy on HIV Screening which requires testing for eight teams:
1 ) Women acquiring antenatal treatment in govt facilities, (private practitioners ought to carry out HIV testing around the small proportion of antenatal patients applying private establishments, but this is simply not a widespread practice 2 . Blood donors
3. Medication rehabilitation Centre's (DRC) inmates
4. High-risk prison inmates (drug users, drug retailers, and sex workers); a few. Confirmed tuberculosis cases (TB)
6. Std (STD) situations
7. Patients with suspected clinical symptoms
8. Followed contacts of HIV contaminated persons
9. Premarital couples
12. 10. Migrant workers
10. 11. Individuals of injury reduction set
Routine screening process was implemented for picked target groups in 1989 and expanded over a period of the perfect time to cover the eight organizations above. Furthermore, there is a rise in the number of Centre's providing techniques for voluntary counseling tests. The within number of ASSISTS deaths continues to be even more remarkable from 16 in 1990 to6, 140 in 2003 (Table 6th. 1). Based on the World Wellness Organization (WHO)classification, the record to date classifies Malaysia as being a country suffering from a targeted epidemic, seeing that HIV frequency has been less than 1 % among the basic population, although consistently greater than 5 % among injecting drug users (IDUs) within the last 10 years. In Malaysia the HIV/AIDS epidemic is at an early stage and might not have peaked. Low prevalence may be an undesirable indicator of future frequency and effect owing to the long trend nature in the disease, with regards to its biological spectrum and, even more so, its social and economic squealer
Aid / HIV simply by
H I V by simply mode of transmission
WHO HAVE classifies Malaysia as possessing a concentrated epidemic of HIV/AIDS since the Difficulty affects particular population teams and is not yet well established inside the general human population. Of a total of 54.99, 000 HIV/AIDS cases reported by 2003, you will find 76 per cent of made up IDUs (Figure 6. 1). Hence, the likely function of transmitting is through the sharing tiny needles. Another doze per cent were categorized under heterosexual activity, Only 1 percent under homosexual/bisexual behavior and vertical transmitting from mother to-child and blood transfusions have constituted relatively low-risk categories therefore far(Figure 6. 1). When these types serve as a simplified ways of identifying risk groups, it truly is recognized that they are not contradictory. In particular, IDUs are also probably be sexually active and engage in high-risk intimate behaviors, just like unprotected sex and sexual for prescription drugs. Interestingly, the proportion of reported HIV/AIDS among IDU categories for the latest past has remained stable at around 70 per cent of total instances, while the percentage of recognition rate of infection between drug users in rehabilitation centers and prisons has shown a suffering trend.
Figure 6. 1
HIV case by simply sex
In Malaysia, the bulk of infected cases are males who accounted for more than 85 per cent of those living with HIV and Helps with 2003. Since noted, many infections are among IDUs of who only a tiny fraction is female. Nevertheless , the proportion of women with HIV has increased over time, increasing from 1 ) 4 per cent in 1990 to 3 percent in 95, and almost reach 7 per cent...
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